Crosscultural Dialogues are designed to bring students at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, in touch with their counterparts around the world and let the young men and women debate the questions of mutual interest.  Connected via Internet, students talk about international and local issues facing people in different countries, explore their differences, and identify points of agreement. The exchange is facilitated by civic culture and social science educators who identify discussion topics, help students formulate their positions, and teach them to look critically at the pressing issues of the day. The dialogue questions and student answers are posted on the site of the Center for Democratic Culture, UNLV organization promoting civic education and civility in public discourse through research, scholarly exchange, and community-based programs.  The first crosscultural dialogue addressed the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City that shook the United States on September 11, 2001, and the Nord-Ost Siege that lead to numerous casualties in Russia’s capital Moscow on October 10, 2002.  Excerpts from this dialogue can be found here:  Dialogue on Terrorism:  9/11 & 10/23.  Links to other crosscultural dialogues can be found bellow.


Dialogue on Domestic Violence
 

In the fall of 2014, students from the University of Nevada in Las Vegas and University of St. Petersburg took part in this dialogue. Answers by American and Russian students to the question can be found on this page.


Диалог
о Насилии в Семье


Осенью2014 г. студенты Университета Невады в Лас Вегасе и Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета а приняли участие в данном диалоге. Ответы американских и российских студентов на нижеследующий вопросприведеныможно найти на этой странице.


 

Question

Domestic violence is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and any other form of abusive behavior between intimate partners.  It is found in every community, regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, nationality or educational background.  Violence against women in particular involves emotional abuse and an attempt to dominate an intimate partner that may result in physical injury and psychological trauma.  An estimated 1.3 million women in the United States become victims of physical assault by an intimate partner each year.  Eighty-five percent of domestic violence victims are women.  Boys who witness domestic violence as children are twice as likely to abuse their intimate partners when they become adults.  Seventy-three percent of men committing violence against women have been victims of violence themselves. 

The Russian Federation is the only European country belonging to G8 group that does not recognize family violence and domestic sexual abuse as a crime.  According to the United Nations report, around 14,000 women died in Russia in 2008 as a result of domestic violence.  In 2011, a husband was acquitted in the Russian courts after breaking the nose and several ribs of his wife, with the judge explaining his decision by the fact that there is no law in Russia protecting spouses from domestic violence.  For nearly two decades activists have been trying to persuade the Russian parliament to pass the law prohibiting domestic violence, yet all such efforts failed because the Russian government and the Russian Orthodox Church object to such laws as inconsistent with traditional family values on this country.  

In your opinion, does Russia need a criminal law prohibiting domestic violence?  What can be done to decrease the likelihood of violence in intimate relationships?


Вопрос


Россия входит в число восьми стран с крупнейшей экономикой, но в отличие от других стран восьмерки, в России нет закона запрещающего физическое и сексуальное насилие в семье.  Попытки принять такой закон в российском парламенте провалились.  В Октябре 2011 года муж Екатерины Виноградовой нанес ей побои, в результате которых у нее был сломан нос и несколько ребер, но согласно российским законам это избиение не носило состава преступления.  Согласно данным Организации Объединенных Наций, в 2008 году около 14000 женщин в России умерли в результате семейного насилия – одна смерть каждый час. 

В Америке есть закон против насилия в семье, но проблема здесь стоит также остро.  Около 4000 женщин в Америке погибает каждый год в результате насилия между интимными партнерами; по оценкам экспертов, одна из трех женщин в Америке подвергается физическому или сексуальному насилию в своей жизни; 73% насильников-мужчин в свою очередь подверглись насилию в детские годы. 

По вашему мнению, нужен ли России закон, предусматривающий криминальную ответственность за насилие в семье и в интимных отношениях?  Что можно и нужно сделать, чтобы уменьшить семейное насилие в наших странах?



Suggested Readings:


Henry Meyer and Ksenia Galouchko, Putin Allies Let Abuse Law Linger Despite Killings
BBC News Europe, The Silent Nightmare of Domestic Violence in Russia
United States Deparetment of Justice, Domestic Violence
National Coalition against Domestic Violence, Domestic Violence Facts




Web Links

* Crosscultural Dialogues is the program sponsored by the UNLV Center for Democratic Culture.  It brings students at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, in touch with their counterparts around the world and lets the young men and women debate the questions of mutual interest.  If you have an interest in this program, please contact the CDC board of directors:   cdclv@unlv.nevada.edu.