Culture and Intelligentsia Project
collects documents and research on the role that intellectuals play in generating, transmitting, and transforming society in fledgling democracies. Special attention is paid to the intelligentsia’s discourse and emotionally charged behavior that perpetuate, not always consciously, models of being found in a given culture. The project started in 1992 when UNLV hosted the First Nevada Conference on Russian Culture. Sponsored by the University of Nevada at Las Vegas, MacArthur Foundation, Nevada Humanities Committee, Russian Academy of Sciences, and National Public Opinion Center in Moscow, the event brought to Las Vegas scholars from several countries who presented the results of their studies on Russian society and culture and who continue to track the fate of reforms in emerging democracies. The participants examined the causes that impeded the formation of democracy in postcommunist societies, using pragmatist ideas as their guide. The results of this collaborative effort have been published in a book titled Russian Culture at the Crossroads. Paradoxes of Postcommunist Consciousness. The Second Nevada Conference on Russian Culture was convened in November of 1997 with the assistance and funding from the UNLV College of Liberal Arts, National Public Opinion Center in Moscow, Trust for Mutual Understanding, the Vista Group, Excalibur Resort and Casino, Inc., and LHN Inc. This conference paved the way to International Festival of Russian Art and Culture that was staged in Las Vegas in the year 2000. As the festival report indicates, this event featured writers, poets, musicians, visual artists, and renowned experts on Russian art who illuminated the special place of Russian artistic intelligentsia in democratic reform. Below you will find forums, conference reports, and supplementary materials written in preparation for the events, along with the articles, interviews, memoirs, diaries, and biographical materials highlighting the lives and works of public intellectuals. See International Biography Initiative for further detail.


The First Nevada Conference on Russian Culture

miitri Shalin, troduction: Continuity and change in Russian culture (Eng)
Boris Paramonov, Russia in search of its history (Eng)
Igor Kon, Public morality and private responsibility (Eng)
Yuri Levada, Public opinion and the resurgence of political culture (Eng)
Alexander Etkind, Ambivalence and resistance to social change (Eng)
Dmitri Shalin, The end of Russian intelligentsia? (Eng)
Jerry Pankhurst, Faith in soviet and post-soviet Russia (Eng)
Svetlana Boym, From communal living to private life (Eng)
Zara Abdullaeva, Russian folklore and mores (Eng)
Maurice Friedberg, 'New soviet man' in the mirror of literature (Eng)
Daniil Dondurei, Russian artists facing the trial by freedom (Eng)
Vladimir Magun, Work ethics under perestroika (Eng)

Program of the First Nevada Conference on Russian Culture

The Second Nevada Conference on Russian Culture

Mikhail Epstein, Russian spirituality and the theology of negation (Eng Rus)
Andrei Ariev
, The culture and art of the Silver Age (Eng)
Marietta Chudakova, The survival of art and the art of survival in Stalin's Russia (Rus)
Natalia Ivanova, Literary criticism as an art form (Eng)
Alexander Genis
, Russian literary prose in the late 20th century (Eng)
Alexander Zholkovsky
, The Russian literary canon in contemporary perspective (Eng, Rus)
Mark Lipovetsky, Postmodernism and the Russian literary tradition (Eng)
Boris Paramonov, Russian literature in the
Christian context (Eng)
Ekaterina Degot, Russian art in the second half of the 20th century (Eng)
Oksana Bulgakova, The Russian cinematic tradition (Eng)
Vladimir Paperny,
Russian architecture between anorexia and bulimia (Eng)
Dmitri Shalin,
The art of dissent: Parody, travesty and irony in late soviet culture (Eng)

Program of the Second Nevada Conference on Russian Culture

The Fourth Nevada Conference on Russian Culture

Dmitri Shalin, Communication, Democracy, and Intelligentsia (Eng)
Lev Gudkov, 'Intelligentsia' – the vanishing phenomenon and its aftermath (Rus, Eng)
Mikhail Epstein, Intelligentnsia, intellectuals, and the uses of social intelligentsia (Rus, Eng)
Leonid Gozman, Subjective notes on the objective situation among Russian intelligentsia (Rus, Eng)
Andrei Piontkovsky, Postintelligentsia and the moral catastrophe of Russian society (Rus, Eng)
Dmitri Shalin, Russian intelligentsia in the age of counterperetroika (Eng)

Gassan Gusejnov, Intelligentsia exhumed: Nationalist Currents among R
ussian Intelligentsia
(Rus, Eng)
Mark Lipovetsky, Intelligentsia & cynicism: Political metamorphoses of postmodernism (
Rus, Eng)
Natalia Ivanova,
Independent literary groupings after perestroika (Rus, Eng)
Sergei Iourienen, Intelligentsia and Emigration: Personal risks, strategic possibilities (Rus, Eng)
Lyudmila Ulitskaya, Reading as a Heroic Act: Intelligentsia and uncensored literature (Rus, Eng)

Aleksandr Genis, Propaganda and the illusion of freedom: Intelligentsia as a captive of history (Rus, Eng)
Viktor Shenderovich, Intelligentsia and the Gospel according to Mathew (Rus, Eng)


B. Dubin, Russia and Beyond

S. Filatov & A. Strukova, Toward Russian Protestantism

B. Firsov, Mental Worlds of Contemporary Russian Society (Rus)
S. Firsov, Reflections on the Nature of Power in Russia (Rus)
E. Ikhlov, Russia in the 21st Century (Rus)
A. Ivashchenko, Russian Peasantry in Three Different Perspectives (Rus)
J. Kocka, Civil Society in Europe: Its Historical Roots and Prospects East and West
A. Khramchikhin, Russia and the West -- Why Do They Need Each Other? (Rus)
V. Kagansky, Russia as Eurasia: a Fictitious Pathway
A. Popov, Why Do We Need an Empire? (Rus)
B. Rodoman, Capitalism and Russian Reality

D. Shalin, Soviet Civilization and Its Emotional Discontents
D. Shalin, Ten Years of Russian Reform (Eng)
D. Shalin, Is Illiberal Democracy Taking Roots in Russia? (Eng)
D. Shalin, Democracy According to Putin (Eng)

F. Shelov-Kovediaev, Russia at the Global Crossraods (Rus)
V. Starostin, Russia's Military Might: Is it a Good Thing? (Rus)

M. Stepaniants, Ethnodenominational Processes in Russia: Islam (Rus)

V. Torchilin, What Sort of Society is Emerging in Russia? (Rus)
A. Yanov, Civilizational Instability of Russia (Rus)
A. Yanov, Three Scenarios for Russia (Rus)

E. Zibnitsky, The Legacy of Slavophiles and Contemporary Russia (Rus)

A. Averintsev, Paideia: From the History of European Culture (Rus)
M. Berg, The Hamburg Account

D. Dondurei, Nikita Mikhalkov's Trial Balloon
B. Dubin, Literary Culture Today
M. Epstein, Hassid and Talmudist, an Essay on Pasternak and Mandleshtam (Rus)
M. Epstein, From Post- to Proto -- The Manifesto for the New Century (Rus)
M. Epstein, Philosophy of the Body: Haptics (Rus)
M. Epstein, Philosophy of the Body: Erotology (Rus)
M. Epstein, Life as a Narrative and Thesaurus (Rus)
M. Epstein and S. Iourienen, Encyclopedia of Youth
A. Etkind, Pushkin, Tocqueville, and Democracy in Russia (Rus)

A. Gorbovsky, Magic and Power (Rus)
K. Isaakov, Love and Freedom: The Paperny Family Experience (Rus)
T. Ivanova, The Other Side of Fiction (Rus)
M. Lipovetsky, ed. Homo Scriptor: Festschrift for the 70th Birthday of Mikhail N. Epstein (Rus)
M. Lipovetsky, PMS -- Postsmodernism Today (Rus)
D. Shalin, Skazkobyl: Notes on the Recessive Genes of Russian Culture (Rus)


A. Altunian, Troubled Times

D. Bak, Goodby to Heraclites (Rus)
M. Edelstein, Goodby to the Sixties (Rus)
M. Epstein, Amerussia: Biculturalism and Freedom (Rus)
A. Etkind, New Historicism, The Russian Version (Rus)

B. Firsov, Intelligentsia and Intellectuals the End of the Twentieth Century
L. Gudkov, Concerning Boris Dubin (Rus)
L. Gudkov, Sociological Perspectives on Russia's Educated Elite (Rus)
V. Kardin, The Shift: Marking an Era (Rus)
Y. Karyakin, Changing Your Convictions (Rus)
D. Khmelnitsky, Conceptualism from the Realist's Perspective (Rus)
S. Korneev, The Survival of Intellectuals in Mass Culture (Rus)
Y. Levada, The 1970's -- Limits and Frames (Rus)
M. Masarsky, Middle Class and Intelligentsia (Rus)

P. Miliukov, A History of Russian Intelligentsia (Rus)
D. Postel, The Life and the Mind: Do Biographies of Philosophers Tell Us Much About Philosophy? (Eng)
A. Rubtsov, Liberalism and Liberals (Rus)
A. Rubtsov, Repeating the Lessons of History (Rus)

D. Shalin, Intelligentsia in the Age of Counterperestroika (Eng)
D. Shalin, Russian Intellectual Culture (Rus)
V. Sharov, Between the Two Revolutions (Rus)
E. Toddes, Continuity and Change in Russian Intelligentsia (Rus)
B. Walker, The Culture of Small Groups and the Emergence of Russian Intelligentsia (Rus)
M. Zagidullina, The Intelligentsia Case or Once Again Going to the People (Rus)
V. Zhivov, Marginal Culture in Russia and the Birth of Intelligentsia (Rus)

The Fate of Russian Intelligentsia (Rus)
Vekhi/Landmarks. Essay on Russian Intelligentsia, 1909 (Rus)
Intelligentsia in Russia: Framing the Problem, 1910 (Rus)
Vekhi -- 2009. One Hundred Years Since the Original Publication (Rus)

Public Forums

Art of Cinema: In Memory of Daniil Dondurei (Rus)
To Emigrate or Not to Emigrate
Emigration -- Yesterday and Today (Rus)

The Legacy of Soviet Culture

Twenty Years of Freedom (Rus)
Russia 1991-2001: Victories and Defeats (Rus)
Does Socialism in Russia Have a Future? (Rus)
Divisions among Russian Liberals (Rus)
Russian Liberal Reforms and Culture (Rus)
The Future of the Russian Armed Forces (Rus)
Middle Class in Russia (Rus)
Ministry of Culture Public Council (Rus)
Petition of the Russian Intelligentsia in Support of the Government Policy in Ukraine (Rus)
Petition of the Russian Intelligentsia Against the Government Policy in Ukraine (Rus)
Population Crisis in Russia: the Country on the Brink?
Christianity and Culture (Rus)
Humanistic Thought: Secular or Religious? (Rus)
Culture and Market (Rus)
Poetry and Civic Virtue (Rus)
Living Abroad as Personal Experience (Rus)
Literary Perspectives on Liberalism (Rus)
Underground Yesterday and Today (Rus)

Fact and Fiction in Literature (Rus)
The Crossroads of History and Autobiography (Rus)
Esquire Editors Traveling to Pushkinskie Gory (Movie) (Rus)
U.S. - Russian Relations: Is Conflict Inevitable? (Eng)

Intellectuals and Democracy: Round Table Discussion of Russian and Polish Scholars, 2009 (Rus)

Supplementary Materials

M. Baronova, I Simply Want to Live (Rus)
E. Beliaev, The Thaw and the 1959 Exhibition in Moscow
G. Chkhartishvilli-Akunin, Thoughts under Inclement Weather (Rus)
M. Epstein and A. Bitov, Dialog on Postmodernism (Rus)
M. Epstein and A. Parshchikov, Coreposndence (
Y. Gordin, Memory and Conscience, or Troubles with Memoirs (Rus)
L. Gozman, On the Danger of Fascism in Russia (Rus)
N. Ivanova, International Festival "Cold War -- Hot Culture" (Rus)
N. Ivanova, The Russian Project versus Russian Idea (Rus)
N. Ivanova, Those Who Left Postmodernism Behind (Rus)
O. Kashin, Letter to the Leaders of the Russian Federation (Rus)
S. & G. Khazaverov, Culture 1, Culture 2, and Humanistic Culture (Rus)
Levada Center, Attitudes toward Emigration, 2014 (Rus)
Levada Center, Attitudes toward Emigration, 2015 (Rus)
Levada Center, Attitudes toward Emigration, 2016 (Rus)
Levada Center, Attitudes Toward Emigration, 2017 (Rus)
Levada Center, Letters of Support 2016 (Rus)
M. Lipovetsky, Khrushchev on the 1959 American Exhibition in Moscow (Rus)
N. Mikhalkov, On Boris Yeltsin and Gorbachev (Rus)
Y. Moritz, My Ukraine Is Different (Rus)
V. Novodvorskaya, Our Guilt Along with Our Sadness (Rus)
A. Piatigorsky - I. Smirnov, Dialogue on the Uses and Abuses of Philosophy in Russia (Rus)    
A. Piontkovsky, My Country's Creative Downshifting (Rus)
A. Podrabinek, An Imperial Idea(Rus)
A. Podrabinek, To Emigrate or Not to Emigrate (Rus)
A. Podrabinek, Writers and Solidarity (Rus)
V. Paperny, Moscow in 1937 (Eng Rus)    
E. Rein, On Joseph Brodsky (Rus)
S. Reingold, Russian Literature and Postmodernism (Rus)    
L. Rubinstein, It's No Longer Funny (Rus)
A. Yanov - L. Wolf, Dialogue on Russian Nationalism (Rus)
D. Shalin and I. Kon, From Correspondence (Rus)
D. Shalin - M. Epstein, Dialogue on Russian Postmodernism
(Eng & Rus)
D. Shalin - M. Lilpovetsky, Dialogue on Postmodernist Literature (Eng & Rus)
D. Shalin, Letter to Boris Firsov on the Russian Mentality Project (Eng)
D. Shalin, Letter to Alexander Genis on Russian Conceptualism (Eng)
D. Shalin, Letter to Vladimir Paperny on Soviet Architectural Culture (Eng)
D. Shalin, Letter to Daniil Dondurei on the Discourse and Body Language of Reform (Rus)
D. Shalin, Letter to Alexander Zholkovsky on Anna Akhmatova (Eng)  
V. Shendeerovich, On Polemical Style and Tolerance (Rus)
G. Starovoitova, Draft of the Law Limiting Access to Political Offices of Supporters of the Totalitarian Regime (Rus)
V. Yadov - D. Shalin, From Dialogues of Vladimir Yadov and Dmitri Shalin (Rus)
V. Yadov, Bad Situation with the Sociology Congress (Rus)
A. Zholkovsky, Anna Akhmatova -- Fifty Years Later (Rus)
Z. Zinnik, Las Moskvas (Rus)


ikhail Aisenberg, 2006 (Rus)
Alexander Ageev, 2006 (Rus)
Andrey Ariev, 2004 (Rus)
Svetlana Boim 2004 (Rus)
Alexander Borin, 2002 (Rus)
Sergei Borovikov, 2006 (Rus)
Joseph Brodsky, 1979, 1993 (Rus)
Evgeny Bunimovich, 2000 (Rus)

Marietta Chudakova, 2002 03 08 (Rus)
Lidia Chukovskaia, 2003 (Rus)
Daniil Dondurei 2011 (2010)
Arkady Dragomoshchenko, 2001 (Rus)
Boris Dubin, 2006 (Rus)
I. Efimov, 2016 (Rus)
Mikhail Epstein, 1989-2003 (Rus)
Alexander Esenin-Wolpin, 2002 (Rus)
Mikhail Eisenberg, 2004 (Rus)
Alexander Etkind, 2001 (Rus)
Semen Faibisovich, 2006 (Rus)
Reveeka Frumkina, 2006 (Rus)
Sergei Gandlevsky, 2006 (Rus)
Alexander Genis, 2003

Leonid Gozman, 2009 (Rus)
Nadezhda Grigorieva, 2001 (Rus)
Boris Groys, 2001 (Rus)
Natalia Ivanova, 2005 (Rus)
Timur Kibirov, 2004 04b (Rus)
Vitaly Komar 2002 03 04a 04b 08 (Rus)
A. Konchalovski 2016 (Rus)
Vladimir Krasikov, 2008 (Rus)
Viacheslav Kuritsyn, 2001 (Rus)
Aleksander Kushner, 2005 (Rus)

Gleb Latnik, 2015 (Rus)
Alexander Lavrov, 2000

Oleg Lekmanov, 2006

Mark Lipovetsky, 2004

Lev Losev, 2005

Lev Lurie, 2001 (Rus)
Aleksei Malashenko, 2002 (Rus)
Mikhail Meilakh, 2002 (Rus)
Alexander Melikhov, 2006 (Rus)
Gleb Morev, 2006 (Rus)
Vladimir Nazarov 2016 (Rus)
Yuri Olesha, 1998 (Rus)
Vladimir Paperny, 2002
04 05 06 (Rus)

Dmitri Prigov 02 03 03b 04 04b 04c 05 05b 05c (Rus)
Irina Prokhorova, 1999
01 01b 06 (Rus)
Omri Ronen, 2000 (Rus)
Lev Rubinstein, 2004 (Rus)
M. Salie, 2000 (Rus)
Olga Sedakova, 2006 (Rus)
Igor Shaitanov, 2006 (Rus)
Dmitri Shalin, 1990 (Rus Audio)
V. Shenderovich, 2016 (Rus)
Yuri Shevchuk, 2000
2008 2010 (Rus Audio)
Alexander Solzhenitsyn, 2007 (Rus)

Vladimir Sharov, 2000 (Rus)  
O. Tabakov, 2016 (Rus)
T. Tolstaya, 2017 14 (Rus)
Ludmila Ulitskaia, 2006 16 (Rus)
Lynn Visson, 2008 (Rus, Audio)
Petr Weil, 2000 (Rus)
Alexander Zholkovsky, 1997


Mikhail Aizenberg, 2006
Alexander Alekseev-Gai, 2000

Magda Alekseeva, 2007 (Rus)
Aleksei Aliushin, 2005 (Rus)
Lev Anninsky, 2004 2004b (Rus)
Vladimir Arro, 2003 (Rus)
Vadim Baevsky, 2006 (Rus)
Sergey Baimukhamedov, 2000 (Rus)
A. Baranovich-Polivanova, 1998 (Rus)
Arkady Belinkov, 2000 (Rus)
Alexander Bek, 2000 (Rus)
Olga Bergolts, 2001 (Rus)
Elena Berkovskaia, 2003 (Rus)
Elena Bonner, 2004 (Rus)
Lidia Chukovskaia, 1999 2001 2003 2004 (Rus)
Korney Chukovsky, 2004 (Rus)
Joseph Brodsky, 1998 (Rus)
Alexandr Davydov, 2003 (Rus)
Nathan Eidelman, 1999 (Rus)
Igor Efimov, 2003 (Rus)

Vladimir Fridkin, 2004 2005 (Rus)
Mikhail Gasparov, 1997 (Rus)
Anatoly Gladilin (2007)
Emma Gershtein, 1998 1999 2002 (Rus)
Lidia Ginzburg, 2000 (Rus)
Mikhail Gorbov, 2003 (Rus)
Petr Gorelik, 2002 (Rus)
Natalia Il'ina, 2000 (Rus)
Isik Inger, 1999 (Rus)
Anatoly Ivanov, 1998 (Rus)
L. Karas-Chichibabina, 2006 (Rus)
V. Kardin, 2003 (Rus)
Evgenia Katseva, 2002 2002b (Rus)
Boris Khazanov, 1998 (Rus)
Ruslan Kireev, 2006 (Rus)
Esward Kochergin, 2005 (Rus)
Galina Kogan, 2000 (Rus)
Aleksei Kondratovich, 2001 (Rus)
Nikita Krivoshein, 2001 (Rus)

Simona Landau, 1099 01 (Rus)

Lazar Lazarev, 2001
2003 (Rus)

Lev Levitsky, 2001 (Rus)

Inna Lisnianskaia, 2005 (Rus)
Flora Litvinova, 1998 (Rus)
Leonid Martynov (2005)
Galina Medvedeva, 1999 2001 (Rus)
Marina Medvedeva-Khazanova, 2003
Irina Nezvedskaya, 2002 (Rus)
Arkady Milshin, 2000 (Rus)
Vladimir Ognev, 2000 2004 (Rus)
Vladimir Paperny, 2006 (Rus)
Zinovy Paperny, 1998 (Rus)
Ernst Orlovsky, 2003 (Rus)
Mikhail Podgorodnikov, 1999 (Rus)
Vladimir Porudominsky, 2003 (Rus)
Leonid Rabichev, 2001 2005 (Rus)
German Ratgauz, 2001 (Rus)
Iosif Ratner, 1999 (Rus)
Boris Ryzhy, 2003 (Rus)
Il'ia Safonov, 2001 (Rus)
David Samoilov, 1999 (Rus)
Genrikh Sapgir, 1999 (Rus)
Viktor Shenderovich, 1998 (Rus)

Aleksey Simonov, 1999 (Rus)
Mikhail Sinelnikov, 2002 (Rus)
Liudmila Sinianskaia, 2003 (Rus)
Elizaveta Styrskaia, 1999 (Rus)
Vitaly Syrokomsky, 2001 (Rus)
Tatiana Syryshcheva, 2000 (Rus)
Alexander Terekhov, 2003 (Rus)
Leonid Timofeev, 2002 2003 2004 2005 (Rus)

Lidyia Tkachenko, 2007
Andrey Turkov, 2000 (Rus)
Alexander Tvardovsky, 2000-2005 (Rus)
Konstantin Vanshenkin, 1999 2000 2002 (Rus)
Nikolai Vorontsov, 1998 (Rus)
Gavriil Zapoliansky, 2000 ()Rus
Alexander Zholkovsky, 2003 1995-2006 (Rus)


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